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'Puntius' guganio (HAMILTON, 1822)

Glass Barb

October 5th, 2012 — 6:08pm

Probably a micropredator feeding on small insects, worms, crustaceans and other zooplankton in nature. In the aquarium it should accept dried foods of a suitable size but should not be fed these exclusively.

Daily meals of small live and frozen fare such as Daphnia, Artemia, Moina, etc., along with good quality flakes and granules will result in the best colouration and encourage the fish to come into breeding condition.

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Barilius bendelisis (HAMILTON, 1807)

October 3rd, 2012 — 4:17pm

Type locality is given as ‘Cedawáti [Vedawati] stream, headwaters of Krishna River near Heriuru, Mysore, India’, with the species currently considered to occur throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and probably Bhutan.

It’s also been recorded in Pakistan, Myanmar, Thailand and Sri Lanka although some or all of these reports may refer to other species.

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Opsarius barna (HAMILTON, 1822)

October 3rd, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species occasionally appears in the ornamental trade, usually as ‘striped hill trout’ or ‘banded hill trout’.

It can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: lateral line complete with 40-42 scales; barbels absent; 10-13 anal-fin rays; body with 9-11 dark blue vertical bars; last dorsal-fin ray extending to caudal-fin base.

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Puntius chola (HAMILTON, 1822)

Swamp Barb

September 28th, 2012 — 4:23pm

P. chola was retained in Puntius sensu stricto, of which members are defined by the following combination of characters: adult size usually less than 120 mm SL; maxillary barbels absent or present; rostral barbels absent; 3-4 unbranched and 8 branched dorsal-fin rays; 3 unbranched and 5 branched anal-fin rays; last unbranched dorsal-fin ray weak or strong and unserrated; lateral line complete with 22-28 pored body scales…

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Canthophrys gongota (HAMILTON, 1822)

Moose-faced Loach

March 13th, 2012 — 1:26pm

Mostly known from slow-moving, relatively shallow tributaries and minor rivers with substrates of mud, sand or gravel. Aquatic plants are only occasionally present but riparian vegetation apparently grows thickly at some localities.

In the Schutunga River, part of the Mansai River drinage which is itself a tributary of the Brahmaputra in West Bengal state, In…

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Oryzias dancena (HAMILTON, 1822)

Indian Ricefish

March 13th, 2012 — 1:26pm

This species continues to be mislabelled as O. melastigma, a name currently considered invalid by the majority of recent workers, or O. javanicus, a valid but distinct taxon. Roberts (1998) demonstrated that MClelland’s description of Aplocheilus melastigmus, later renamed O. melastigma, does not correspond with any known Oryzias species from the Indian subcontinent or Myanmar since it’s said to have a dark spot in the dorsal-fin and an excessively slim body, among other anomalies.

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Lepidocephalichthys guntea (HAMILTON, 1822)

March 13th, 2012 — 1:25pm

This is one of the most frequently-traded members of the group and is an excellent choice for those new to keeping loaches. It’s distinguishable from congeners by a combination of characters including: rounded/truncate caudal-fin; a scaleless patch on top of the head; relatively large adult size; flanks with spotted patterning in females and a solid…

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Lepidocephalichthys annandalei CHAUDHURI, 1912

March 13th, 2012 — 1:25pm

Sand-dwelling loaches from the families Botiidae, Cobitidae and Nemacheilidae are also suitable but proper research is essential as some can be excessively territorial or otherwise aggressive.

A community based around fishes from its natural waters could include species such as Badis badis,…

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Lepidocephalichthys berdmorei (BLYTH, 1860)

March 13th, 2012 — 1:25pm

This is one of the most frequently-traded members of the genus and is an excellent choice for those new to keeping loaches.

It’s distinguishable from congeners by a combination of characters including: relatively large adult size (to at least 80 mm SL); rounded/truncate caud…

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Lepidocephalichthys goalparensis PILLAI & YAZDANI, 1976

March 13th, 2012 — 1:25pm

This species is almost unheard of in the hobby with the specimen pictured above the only one we're aware of. It was imported into the United Kingdom in late 2011 as bycatch among a shipment of mastacembelid eels from northern India, and the identification was subsequently confirmed by Justin Havird, senior author of the most recent revision of the genus.

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