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Puntius sharmai MENON & REMA DEVI, 1993

October 2nd, 2012 — 11:03am

This species is almost unheard of in the aquarium hobby outside of India but is maintained by some private collectors. It’s distinguished from similar species by possessing a single pair of maxillary barbels, a relatively elongate body, and distinctive black spot above the anterior anal-fin base.

The genus Puntius was for a number of years viewed as a polyphyletic catc…

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Pethia shalynius (YAZDANI & TALUKDAR, 1975)

Shalyni Barb

October 1st, 2012 — 5:00pm

A benthopelagic fish mostly recorded from streams and minor tributaries at relatively high altitudes of more than 1200 metres AMSL with cool, clear, well-oxygenated water and substrates of bedrock, boulders, cobbles, and gravel. Aquatic plants aren’t usually present though riparian vegetation may be well-developed. It’s also present in some ponds and small lakes, including some stagnant water bodies with muddy substrates.

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Pethia punctata (DAY, 1865)

October 1st, 2012 — 4:28pm

This species is poorly-known in the aquarium hobby and has a confusing taxonomic history having been considered both synonymous with or a subspecies of the congener P. ticto in the past. It can be distinguished from other members of the genus by the following combination of characters: lateral line complete with 27 scales (following Day); body with two dark blotches; anterior spot one scale row below lateral line; dorsal-fin with rows of spots.

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Puntius chola (HAMILTON, 1822)

Swamp Barb

September 28th, 2012 — 4:23pm

P. chola was retained in Puntius sensu stricto, of which members are defined by the following combination of characters: adult size usually less than 120 mm SL; maxillary barbels absent or present; rostral barbels absent; 3-4 unbranched and 8 branched dorsal-fin rays; 3 unbranched and 5 branched anal-fin rays; last unbranched dorsal-fin ray weak or strong and unserrated; lateral line complete with 22-28 pored body scales…

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Pethia pookodensis (MERCY & JACOB, 2007)

Pookode Lake Barb

September 28th, 2012 — 1:53pm

Described from Pookode Lake in Wayanad district, Kerala state, southern India and possibly endemic there although some unconfirmed records exist from within the surrounding Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.

Pookode is a small freshwater lake surrounded by forest with a surface area of around 2 km² and is the source of the Panamaram River, a tributary within the much larger Kabani system. Its maximum depth is around 6.5 metres and in marginal areas dense patches of water lilies can be found.

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Pethia nigripinnis (KNIGHT, REMA DEVI, INDRA & ARUNACHALAM, 2012)

August 13th, 2012 — 1:09pm

At one locality in the Kalindhi drainage the water was clear, 1 m at its deepest point and flowing either side of a small check dam, below which the flow was stronger though still not particularly fast. The substrate was composed of rocks and cobbles with a thick layer of fine silt and sand above the dam. There were no aquatic plants but marginal grasses and shrubs were growing to the margins with some submerged roots protruding into the water.

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Pethia manipurensis (MENON, REMA DEVI & VISHWANATH, 2000)

August 10th, 2012 — 4:24pm

Within this assemblage P. manipurensis is most similar to ‘P.meingangbii and P. padamya by virtue of the fact that males in all three possess orange-red pigmentation on the flanks and caudal-fin.

It can be told apart most easily by the fact it possesses a relatively small, spot-like humeral marking, vs. a vertically-elongated, relatively large humeral marking in both the other species.

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Barbodes banksi HERRE, 1940

August 9th, 2012 — 2:36pm

This species is not often seen in the aquarium hobby but occasionally exported as bycatch among shipments of other fishes. It was described as a subspecies of the closely-related ‘P.binotatus but is currently considered distinct on a tentative basis as per Ng and Tan (1999) who stated it is ‘likely’ that the two represent extreme colour forms of a single, variably-patterned species.

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Puntigrus anchisporus (VAILLANT, 1902)

August 9th, 2012 — 11:31am

This species occasionally appears in the aquarium hobby, but the trade is largely reliant on commercially-produced ‘tiger barbs’ of questionable origin.

It is distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: lateral line complete; 14 circumpeduncular scales; 21-23+2 scales in the lateral row; dorsal-fin black with red outer band; pelvic fins red.

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Barbodes binotatus (VALENCIENNES, 1842)

Spotted Barb

July 11th, 2012 — 12:58pm

This species is so ubiquitous across its natural range that it’s often referred to simply as ‘common barb’. Basic adult colour pattern consists of a small, dark spot at the base of the dorsal-fin origin and another on the caudal peduncle but overall appearance varies somewhat depending on origin, with the anterior dark spot enlarged ventrally forming a bar or posterior spot extending into the caudal-fin, for example. The spots may also appear darker or lighter in some individuals.

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