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Corydoras fowleri BÖHLKE, 1950

Fowler's Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

In addition, the colour pattern in aquarium fish traded or identified as C. fowleri is highly variable, but it is unclear whether such differences represent diversity within or between populations. Nevertheless, colour pattern is typically used to distinguish them, with fish from Peru possessing a greater extent of dark pigmentation on the body generally referred to…

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Corydoras gossei NIJSSEN, 1972

Palespotted Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

The congener C. seussi, which is also native to the rio Mamoré, has a similar colour pattern but its snout is noticeably prolonged compared with that of C. gossei, plus there are some subtle differences in pigmentation. There is a third variant which has been referred to as ‘CW069’ in the aquarium hobby and appears to be somewhat intermediate, with a short, rounded snout as in C. gossei but a colour pattern more reminiscent of C. seussi.

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Synodontis angelicus (SCHILTHUIS, 1891)

Polka Dot Synodontis

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

A very nocturnal species that will be seen only infrequently during daylight hours. S. angelicus is very long-lived and can survive for over 20 years if maintained correctly.
S. angelicus was much sought after when first imported and commanded a correspondingly large price. They are still relatively expensive, though prices have dropped considerably. It is quite a rare species in its native waters.

The patterning and colour varies cosiderably, depending on type locality. Some specimens have w…

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Corydoras elegans STEINDACHNER, 1876

Elegant Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species is popular in the aquarium hobby and unlike the majority of congeners tends to spend a fair amount of time away from the substrate, often forming groups in midwater.

It has been placed in the unofficial ‘C. elegans group’, which contains a number of species exhibiting similarities in morphology and colour pattern, some of which remain unidentified in scientific terms.

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Corydoras duplicareus SANDS, 1995

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species is among a number of congeners native to the rio Negro region to possess a colour pattern with an oblique dark bar running along the dorsal surface of the body.

This unofficial group also includes C. burgessi, C. davidsandsi, C. duplicareus, C. imitator, C. melini, and C. serratus, and among these C. duplicareus is most easily-confused with C. adolfoi.

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Corydoras davidsandsi BLACK, 1987

Sand's Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

The type series was said to have been collected from a “whitewater area”, but images of the rio Unini depict a blackwater system typical of the rio Negro basin, and this is supported by empirical evidence. There are sections of rapidly-flowing water so perhaps this is what the author was referring to.

Habitats should therefore comprise tributaries and areas of flooded forest where the water is…

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Corydoras concolor WEITZMAN, 1961

Slate Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species can be told apart from congeners by its uniformly greyish colour pattern, deep body (fitting 2.1-2.4 times in standard length), large eye (3.2-4.0 times in head length), having the pectoral fins completely surrounded by the coracoid, and relatively long dorsal-fin spine (1.1-1.2 times in head length).

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Scleromystax barbatus (QUOY & GAIMARD, 1824)

Banded 'Cory'

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Scleromystax spp. are foraging omnivores, and most will accept sinking dried foods as well as small live and frozen varieties such as chironomid larvae (bloodworm), Tubifex, etc. Feeding a varied diet will ensure the fish are in optimum condition.

Under no circumstances should they be expected to survive on ‘left-overs’ from other inhabitants of the aquarium or relied on to ‘clean’ the aquarium.

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Corydoras axelrodi RÖSSEL, 1962

Axelrod's Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species is somewhat variable in appearance and can have between 1-3 dark lateral stripes on each flank, for example. It’s also known by the alternative common name ‘pink corydoras’.

It looks similar to the congener C. loxozonus plus unidentified fishes which have been assigned the codes C003 and CW021, and all four are sometimes traded under the fabricated names C. ‘deckeri’ or C. sp. ‘decker/deker’.

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Corydoras agassizii STEINDACHNER, 1876

Spotted Cory

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

This species’ name is commonly misapplied to a number of similar-looking fishes and it can be difficult to identify if collection locality is unknown. In addition, colour pattern is variable and it’s not clear whether this occurs between, within, or both between and within populations.

In the original description, Steindachner did note that the first three dorsal-fin rays are completely black while the remainder is whi…

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