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Laubuka fasciata (SILAS, 1958)

Malabar Hatchet Chela

October 27th, 2014 — 10:40am

It can be distinguished from other members of the genus by the following characters: dark longitudinal stripe on body, extending from eye to caudal peduncle; scattered tubercles present on lower jaw; 14½-16½ branched anal-fin rays; pelvic-fin long, reaching beyond anus.

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Garra surendranathanii SHAJI, ARUN & EASA, 1996

October 22nd, 2014 — 12:11pm

The type series was collected from a stream-like tributary of the Chalakkudy River at an altitude of 483 m AMSL. In March 1996 the habitat measured around 15 m across and comprised shallow (~ 20 cm deep) water flowing slowly through moist deciduous forest over a substrate of pebbles and boulders.

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Bhavania australis (JERDON, 1849)

June 20th, 2013 — 9:50pm

An obligate dweller of shallow, fast-flowing, highly-oxygenated headwaters and minor tributaries characterised by stretches of riffles and runs broken up by pools or cascades in some cases.

Substrates are normally composed of smaller rocks, sand and gravel with jumbles of boulders, and whil…

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Barilius gatensis (VALENCIENNES, 1844)

Malabar Baril

October 5th, 2012 — 10:42am

This species is traded very occasionally, sometimes under the alternative vernacular names of ‘river baril, ‘river carp-baril’, or ‘striated hill trout’.

It can be told apart from congeners by the following combination of characters: 1 pair of minute rostra…

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Barilius bakeri (DAY, 1865)

September 27th, 2012 — 8:50am

This species is traded under several names including ‘royal danio’, ‘blue-spotted hill trout’, and ‘blue-dotted mirror fish’.

It can be distinguished from congeners by possessing a single row of bluish-green spots along the length of the body, white margins on the dorsal and anal fins, 37-38+1 lateral line scales, and fleshy rudi…

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Puntius mahecola (VALENCIENNES, 1844)

March 13th, 2012 — 1:24pm

This species has a chaotic taxonomic history with certain issues still to be resolved. While the name P. mahecola was misapplied to members of the genus Dawkinsia for over a century the fish itself has been widely misidentified as the congener P. amphibius (Valenciennes 1842).

Its identity was partially resolved by Pethiyagoda and Kottelat (2005b) who demonstrated that though valid P. mahecola is not a Dawkinsia spp. but rather a smaller, relatively plain species with a single dark blotc…

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Dawkinsia assimilis (JERDON, 1849)

Mascara Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:24pm

D. assimilis has been misidentified as Puntius mahecola (Valenciennes 1844) in the past but the identity of both species was resolved by Pethioyagoda and Kottelat (2005 a, 2005b). They inspected the syntypes of P. mahecola and concluded that though valid it isn’t closely related to any Dawkinsia (then the Puntius filamentosus group) but is rather a smaller, silvery fish with a single dark blotch on the caudal peduncle, located entirely posterior to the anal-fin. It’s wi….

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Dawkinsia filamentosa (VALENCIENNES, 1844)

Filament Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Not difficult to keep in a well-maintained set-up, though we recommend aquascaping the tank to resemble a flowing stream/river with a substrate of variably-sized, water-worn rocks, sand, fine gravel and perhaps some small boulders. This can be further furnished with driftwood roots or branches, and while the majority of aquatic plants will fail to thrive in such surroundings hardy types such as Microsorum, Bolbitis or Anubias spp. can be grown attached to the décor.

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Puntius bimaculatus (BLEEKER, 1863)

Two-spotted Barb

March 13th, 2012 — 1:19pm

Generally very peaceful making it an ideal resident of the well-researched community tank. As it places no special demands in terms of water chemistry it can be combined with many of the most popular fish in the hobby including other small cyprinids as well as tetras, livebearers, rainbowfishes, anabantoids, catfishes and loaches.

It’s a schooling species by nature, and at least 6-10 specimens should be purchased. Maintaining it in such…

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Etroplus maculatus (BLOCH, 1795)

Orange Chromide

March 13th, 2012 — 1:18pm

Wild examples are rarely-seen in the aquarium hobby although selectively-bred ornamental strains are widely-available for which care is identical.

These are normally traded as ‘red’ or ‘yellow’ chromide and have a solid yellow-orange colour pattern with no dark elements.

It exhibits a widespread sympatry with the con…

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